Sweden, along with Norway and Denmark, shared the currency and pegged it to gold. Back then, 1 krona in Sweden and krone for Norway and Denmark was equivalent to 1/2480 of a kilogram of gold. The monetary union lasted until the beginning of the first World War. By August 1914, it was dissolved and the three countries adopted their own independent currencies but maintained the name krona or krone.
What is USDSEK?
USDSEK is the financial symbol referring to the spot exchange rate of the US dollar and the Swedish krona.
The Swedish krona is governed by the Sveriges Riksbank or simply known as the Riksbank. It is known as the world’s oldest central bank, founded in 1668, and the third oldest that has been in operation.
The central bank has the mandate to support economic growth while making sure that inflation does not surge. Following the 2008 financial crisis, the Riksbank was the very first central bank in the world to implement negative interest rates when they cut rates to -0.25%. The Swedish economy is heavily reliant on its exports which are primarily driven by hydropower, iron ore, and timber. Therefore, data on the trade balance is particularly important in trying to forecast the USDSEK rate. The 2008 financial crisis dampened exports as well as consumption which would explain why the central bank adopted such an aggressive easing measure.
In 2011, the Swedish economy rebounded from the recession. The central bank is widely credited for the turn-around in the economy and its credibility is widely regarded by market participants. With that said, jawboning from Swedish central bankers tend to cause volatility on the Swedish krona and should be considered in your analysis when trading USDSEK.
The Swedish policymakers are also the first ones to adopt a digital currency. They created the e-krona as people found lesser use for physical cash.